United Nations Security Council
The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of UN, consisting of five permanent and ten non-permanent members which has a unique procedure and authority. Security Council is responsible for maintaining world peace, eliminating the threats to it and taking the necessary actions if there is an act of war or aggression. In some cases it has the authority to use force to maintain or restore international peace and security as was seen in many occasions like the Rwandan Genocide, Srebrenica Massacre, Iraq War and Syrian Civil War.
Since the election of Donald Trump as the president of United States of America, USA have been taking an uncompromising approach to the foreign policies. The world has been affected from this in many ways, especially economically. Recently, USA has placed an embargo on China, introducing investment restrictions and tariffs on 60 billion dollars worth of goods.
China is the second biggest economy in the world, challenging United States of America. USA’s ultimate goal is to eliminate the world economic superpower challenger to preserve it’s economic dominance. Furthermore, this also is considered to be a stance and a show of power against their political rivals, as the initiative did not only consist of China but others such as Iran and Turkey as well. However, the trade war between two of the world’s largest economies might result with one of them collapsing, or both of them significantly taking damage. It also may affect the European and Asian markets severely since the Chinese goods may flood those as trade with US becomes harder. This could cause great disturbance among the non-Chinese producers and industrialists which could either build up to a market crash or push the authorities into taking radical actions, escalating the trade war.
The United Nations Security Council will try to prevent any negative effect of this trade war and try to create a stabilized environment for global trade and minimize the impact of commercial disputes on military and political conflicts.
Agenda Item: Preventing the political and military tensions induced by the commercial disputes between the USA and China
USG: Nihan Okudan – Ahmet Emir Gökhan
Academic Assistants: Zeynep Ebrar Akçelik – Yakup Kaan Baycan – Abdurrahman Doğru