1951 Treaty of Paris
As Europe had witnessed bloody wars for centuries and was shaken by the heavy strikes of the Second World War, Western European nations made an effort to come together for preventing such violence to repeat. After the Second World War, some European countries, mainly France, barely avoiding bankrupt with the heavy support of the United States, decided to use their resources considering the idea of “development”. French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman’s declaration, known as the Schuman Declaration, was the first step towards this direction. The aim of the declaration was to regulate the use of strategic resources between European states in order to prevent a possible conflict upon those resources and to ensure permanent peace in Europe. The most important outcome of this declaration was the Treaty of Paris which was signed by Belgium, Federal Germany, Luxembourg, France, Italy and the Netherlands in 1951, followed by the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community.
The European Coal and Steel Community was developed as a solution to the problems of economically-damaged states and is considered to be the very basis of the European Union. The fact that the steel and coal, as raw materials for military production, were connected to a common market, would decrease the possibility of future wars and put an end to the overwhelming competition between the European states, especially the tension between France and Germany. The merging of markets followed a path leading to the basic principles of the contemporary European Union, starting with the coal and steel sector, expanding its product range and launching the free market.
In the fourth session of KAIHLMUN conference, this committee will simulate the negotiation process of 1951 Treaty of Paris expecting the delegates to facilitate the debates in more productive and result-oriented way and prepare a brand-new “Treaty of Paris” which is more advanced covering the weaknesses and failures of the historical one.
Agenda Item: Open Agenda
USG:Hale Nur Saraçbaşı
Academic Assistants: Fatma Nisa Samur- Huri Nur Coşkun